Mosaicism in Seraphim

Mosaicism is the status of having more than one genetic population of cells in a single individual which developed from a single fertilized egg. This condition can be caused by a spontaneous mutation in a single cell in the early embryo that leads to the mutation being multiplied every time there is another cell division as the embryo develops. It can also be caused by less than robust DNA replication during cell division (mitosis) so that some genes become inactive or left behind. Mosaicism occurs easily due to the millions of cell divisions and possibilities for replication errors that occur during the development of an embryo. In fact, 70-90% of complex organisms (maybe all?) are affected by mosaicism.

Chimerism is a different thing entirely. In the case of a chimera, a single organism is created from the separate fertilizations of two eggs which accidentally fuse together in the early cell division phase of development. The two balls of cells join forces and make a single organism that has two distinct lines of genes. Chimeras cannot be a common occurrence in birds as it would require a double yolked doubly fertilized egg along with the random possibility that the locations of the fertilization nucleus on the two yolks were adjacent to one another.

Mosaicism can involve any type of chromosome and its genetic apparatus. Some genetic changes are visible and others are invisible. An example of visible mosaicism could be something as simple as a large birthmark where a single genetic change results in a population of skin cells that looks different from all of the rest. An invisible mosaic might have two or more lines of cells with genetic changes that result in slight variations in the molecular structure of the enzymes produced by the different cell lines. In most cases mosaicism does not lead to disabilities but it sometimes can.

I once had an American Show Racer that was both Ash Red and wild-type in feather color. I knew the parents genetics so it was clear that the cells in the bird that made Ash Red had to be genetically male and those that produced wild–type coloration had to be female. So this bird was a visible mosaic in feather color expression and a visible mosaic in sex since the colors were sex-linked. I didn’t know whether it would act like a girl or a boy and I didn’t know whether or not it would be fertile. The sex chromosomes determine the gender of the bird, of course, so it mattered whether or not the embryonic cells that turned into the brain were male or female, it mattered which developed into the adrenal glands, and it mattered which developed into gonads (ovaries or testes). The color pattern gave me a clue as to what to expect as the bird was mostly Ash Red but had a blue neck and wing on one side. I assumed it would “be” a male because the feathers over the head (where the brain is) and the back (where the gonads develop) were visibly Ash Red. I thought, therefore, that the underlying brain and gonads would all be male. In this case I was correct. The bird was a fertile cock. Interestingly, half of his offspring also demonstrated smaller expressions of mosaicism, suggesting that there was a change in his DNA that weakened the perfection of the DNA replication process during cell mitosis.

I once thought that mosaicism was likely not a heritable condition, but I’m now not so sure about that. Heritability is likely related to the original cause. A random mutation is one thing, a disordered DNA replication process is quite another, but I can see how each, once established, could be passed on to future generations.

Seraphim are difficult to assess in regard to mosaicism, as the clues to it require something visual, and since the Seraph Color Gene Complex is not sex-linked there are limitations on mosaic occurrences that could change the appearance of the bird. I once had a Seraph that I thought was a hen by behavior that paired up with a definite cock. However, when it came to mating time the “hen” only wanted to mount the cock and would not mate properly. It also never laid a single egg even though the two went through all the motions of being devoted to one another, setting up a nest, and courtship. I could only conclude that the hen was actually a cock whose brain was feminized. This can happen due to a mutation that affects testosterone cell receptors or due to mosaicism. There was no visible evidence of mosaicism in this case, however, due to the Seraph Color Gene Complex – both birds looked the same – pure white. The clues were in behavior and failure to lay eggs as expected.

Last year I hand-raised a little runt of a baby Seraph that grew into a beautiful adult. As a juvenile it had the usual red Satinette markings, in this case lacewing/spot-tail. I didn’t study each feather, but it turns out that one of the tail feathers was not recessive red. When the bird molted into adult pure white feathers she had a single perfectly marked tail feather in blue with a perfect white spot. Why did this happen? Sometimes mosaicism can happen in a very tiny patch of skin – in this case in a single feather follicle. The cells in that follicle lost their functioning Seraph Color Gene Complex for some reason during embryonic development.

A year later I paired this hen with the single spotted tail feather with a perfectly marked (pure white) Seraph cock. Their third baby is a wonderful specimen but has a large patch of brown mosaicism on his right wing shield. Did this happen simply by chance or did the mother pass some weakness in DNA replication on to this son of hers? Here he is below, still a baby, but showing a brown lacewing pattern in the shield of his right wing where the white-sides and recessive red genes inherent in his genetics failed to express. He has an entire segment of a wing that is missing the genetic machinery of the Seraph Color Gene Complex. I didn’t notice this when he was a baby as the drab markings didn’t register as being different from the surrounding recessive red feathers he had at the time. Now it is obvious. the bird to his lower right is the same age and has nearly complete replacement of red feathers in the wing shield with white as expected. The juvenile red tail feathers have yet to be replaced in that bird as seen in the photo; that is NOT mosaicism.



The cock this boy’s mother is with has sired at least thirty offspring with another perfect white Seraph hen, none of which demonstrated color mosaicism. If it happens again with this hen and cock it will be necessary to take her out of the breeding pool. I think the DNA replication weaknesses that can result in color mosaicism are possibly heritable. Add in that Seraphim are a massive complex of recessive traits and inbreeding and one can begin to see how careful you must be to avoid avoid genetic pitfalls  that can ruin the color of an entire line of birds. As it is, I plan to use this mosaic Seraph in an experimental breeding program just to see what happens. I haven’t read anything anywhere about the heritabiliy of mosaicism in pigeons. This is a question that needs an answer.


The first Seraph mosaic I ever had was in 2009. I didn’t understand what he was. He was a beautiful and stunning bird and I should have kept him. I sent him to California to a fellow near Sacramento. A year later he called me to tell me that the colored feathers contaminating the birds left wind did not disappear at the second year molt. It was only then that I realized the colored feathers were brown, not recessive red, and would never disappear. At the time I advised him to breed the bird as standard opinion was that mosaicism wasn’t inherited, but rather just a genetic accident. I don’t know what ever happened in his loft after that as I lost touch. I wish I still had that bird though. He was not a show winner as he defied the Standard, but he was special. (Note that the tail feathers in the youngster above are a combination of new adult white feathers and old short recessive red feathers – the tail has not been affected by mosaicism, only the right wing shield. The tail will molt out correctly as white. I’ll add photos later that show what this bird looks like in the end.)

It’s a shame when one has a bird that cannot be shown or sold due to a trait like mosaicism. The few Seraphim I’ve had with mosaicism have otherwise been fabulous examples of what a Seraph should be with otherwise beautiful stance and form.

I would be interested in hearing from any Seraph breeders about any experience they may have had with this condition in Seraphim.

Hand Feeding Baby Seraphim

At some point this will happen to every Seraphim breeder – a situation will arise when a baby needs to be rescued.

Most of the time I figure if a new baby is too weak to make a go of it, then it’s best to just let nature take it’s course. However there are a number of situations that can arise when perfectly healthy genetically sound babies that should be raised successfully by their parents won’t be. Examples: 1. Some parents always let the second hatchling perish, feeding only the first. This is so common with Seraphim that I think it should be considered a trait. Baby #2 will be fed for just the first four or five days and then ignored after that. If a pair does this routinely you should be prepared to put the second egg under foster parents or plan to handfeed baby number two.  2. Young parents sometimes don’t quite figure out what to do for a round or two – they tend to get better at parenting as the years go by, so their first youngsters may perish unnecessarily due to inexperience. 3. An abrupt cold snap may place poorly feathered youngsters at risk of hypothermia in that narrow age gap of 7 – 14 days when quills are becoming feathers and the parents have stopped warming the babies routinely. 4. You may have eggs you want to hatch in an incubator for any number of reasons.

Thankfully nowadays it is remarkably easy to manage a baby for the few weeks it takes to grow it up to weaning size, and if the conditions in the loft are otherwise perfectly safe the baby can be left right in its own nest to be tended by its parents while you help it out a little just once a day.


In the photo above are two babies. The baby on the left is a couple of days old. You can see that it’s little crop is full of crop milk. The baby on the right just hatched the night before. It’s crop is still flat and empty. The parents fed both babies for three days, and then stopped feeding the second one. They are first time parents. At the same time, another pair in my loft pulled the same stunt with a baby that hatched the same day as this little one. Due to my busy schedule, I elected to pull both from their nests and hand-rear them in the house.

Keep on hand some Kaytee Baby Bird Formula – you can order it as a case of small containers or in a single big container from Amazon – as you never know when an emergency might arise. Decide if the threatened baby can stay in the nest or needs to be fully managed in the house. If it is secure where it is and is just being underfed,  the best option is to leave it in the nest and supplement it daily with formula. The parent won’t care – just make it a quick in and out visit. Make sure you have a Toomey Syringe (70cc’s with a large tapered tip) to feed it, as this will work for all babies from age 5 days and up. (Sets of syringes can be obtained from Foy’s and Spiegel’s Pigeon Supply stores, but they don’t necessarily have the Toomey Syringe which is hands down the easiest to use.) An eye dropper and a smaller syringe with a smaller tip may be necessary for tinier babies, though usually there is no trouble for the first few days and most have gotten through the tiny stage before feeding or weather issues arise. It is important that new babies get crop milk from their parents, as that aids in their immunity as well as populating their crop and gut with the needed microscopic organisms to aid digestion, so if at all possible always let babies hatch under their own parents (or foster parents in some cases) and be fed for at least two or three days with crop milk before confiscating them for hand-rearing.

If you’ve left the neglected baby with its parents, keep an eye on the crop when you go out daily to give formula, as sometimes the parents will abruptly start feeding the baby again. If so, that’s great, but keep a watchful eye and check it daily. They are never as attentive to the second one as the first if they start with that pattern.

In the house it’s easiest to keep the babies in a regular pigeon nest bowl. I put a coconut fiber pad down, a paper towel, and then put the baby on top of it and cover it with fluffed Kleenex. If the baby is less than three days old it may need some supplemental heat, but after three days they generate enough on their own that simply keeping them covered is enough. They DO need to be touched, handled, and stimulated in order to grow up without neurologic deficits, as all babies do, so don’t feed them but otherwise completely ignore them. Rub their heads and backs when you walk by on occasion, and talk to them. I keep a little furry stuffed animal in with small babies so they can burrow into something that feels vaguely alive. I think this is important. Once they are 8-10 days old this becomes completely unnecessary, as does covering them. They begin to get pretty lively and generate a lot of heat so you have to keep freeing them up a bit.


On the right above is that same little baby from the earlier photo, along with its psuedo-sibling on the left. It’s just been fed and the paper napkin changed. Both babies are very alert and content. They were banded a few days after this photo was taken. Below is a video of the same two babies at about three weeks of age demonstrating how quick and easy it is to feed baby Seraphim:

Once they are approaching a month old it’s time to get them weaned. Leave a small bowl in their cage with a typical seed mix in it. They will automatically start pecking at it little by little, especially if you let them get hungrier between feedings. By four and a half or five weeks of age they can be put out into the loft with the other pigeons. I put them in a box in the corner, tipped on it’s side so they can run in and out. In this way they can watch and learn from the adult Seraphim how to eat from the feeder and drink from the waterer. The adults won’t harm them; in fact, they seem to behave as if they have conern for them and recognize they are babies. Continue to feed them their formula once a day until you are sure they are eating on their own, either by direct observation or by palpating their crops to see if you can feel any seeds there. Keep a little bowl of water handy as well. Generally just keep a close eye on them during this period to make sure they make the transition.



ORIGIN: 1986 East Moline, Illinois, in the loft of Anya (Anne) Ellis. Recognized by the National Pigeon Association in 1995. Recognized by the French National Pigeon Association (SNC) in 1997.

THE NAME: Seraphim (pronounced sara-fim) is a plural word. Seraph is the singular form of the word. It is correct to say, “I have one Seraph, but soon I will have 10 Seraphim.” There should never be an ‘s’ on the end of Seraphim.

GENETICS: Seraphim are recessive red or recessive yellow birds that molt to white because they stop producing pigment. Genetically they are Satinette-marked piebald birds that have color on the shield and tail. Juveniles that have color on other parts of the body will still turn white. The shield turns white because of the ‘white-sides’ gene (tested by Tim Kvidera). Research on why the tail turns white is ongoing. More than one gene mutation is involved and these genes can be separated from the white-sides gene. Since each colored juvenile feather that falls out is replaced by a white feather, it can take two molts for birds to become completely white. Birds hatched late in the season may not drop every juvenile feather due to the onset of cold weather.

OVERALL IMPRESSION: Adult Seraphim have the appearance of a white angel. They are statuesque and elegant. When stationing the head is held high, the tail low with the chest projected upward and forward. The frill is prominent and the wing butts are clearly delineated from the body. The flights rest on the tail and the back is smooth, lacking ‘sails’ in the covert feathers. The feet are covered with small feathers and a sweep of ankle feathers giving the appearance that Seraphim have white stars for feet. Hens will appear somewhat more delicate and refined than cocks.

The head is the most heavily weighted feature in judging Seraphim. The curve from the tip of the beak to the tip of the needle point peak is unbroken. The head is rounded and the beak is down set and large enough for Seraphim to feed their young. The eye is bull and the cere is unobtrusive and very light pink or almost white in color. There is a medium gullet that adds weight to the head. A convex and unbroken mane flows from the tip of the peak to the shoulder. Seraphim have a prominent chest frill.



COLOR: (10 points): Recessive red or recessive yellow that molts to white. Young birds will often retain some colored feathers until the second molt. This is not considered a fault in young bird competition since it proves birds are indeed young Seraphim. FAULTS: Failure to molt to white in two seasons. DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: Colors other than recessive red and recessive yellow that molt to white.

STATION: (15 points): Head held high, tail touching or nearly touching the ground. Elegant, with a clean, uninterrupted line from the shoulder to the tip of the tail. Graceful with flights resting on the tail. Shoulders are concave and the wing butts are held out separate from the chest and clearly delineated.  FAULTS: Refusal to station. The presence of “sails.” SERIOUS FAULTS: A duck-like stance with an elevated tail and an arched back. Flights consistently carried below the tail. A short, stocky body with rounded shoulders.

HEAD: (25 points): Graceful, rounded over the top of the skull, having a concave dip (swoop) between the top of the head and the tip of the peak. The back of the skull is visible and the tip of the peak is below the top of the skull. The desired “Apple” head results from adequate head height and a somewhat rounded skull. The light pink beak protrudes slightly beyond the frontal, but the setting of the beak is ‘down-faced’; the beak is small but strong and adequate to feed young.  A medium gullet adds mass to the head; a visible gullet MUST be present. FAULTS: Flat head (lack of a swoop), peak too high or too low, weak or thin beak, angular head. Head too short from front to back because peak and mane are underdeveloped so they do not stand far enough out from back of head. SERIOUS FAULTS: Skull too small so head is too small in proportion to body, egg shaped skull rather than round causing lack of skull height above the eye, skull too narrow, lack of skull height above the eye, pinched frontal, frontal too prominent, frontal too broad between the eyes (eyes should be visible when looking straight at the face.) DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:  Lack of a gullet. Beak too small.

PEAK: (10 points): Needle point peak that stands well out from the back of the head, and is separated from the head by a dip called the ‘swoop’. The tip of the peak is below the top of the head. FAULTS: Tufted peak, twisted peak, flat peak (partial shell crest), peak set too high or too low, lack of swoop (dip) between the peak and the head, peak set too close to the head. DISQUALIFYING FAULT: Shell crest.

EYE: (5 points): Bull (very dark). The cere is almost white. FAULTS: A faint light ring or faint light spots are minor faults. SERIOUS FAULTS: Pearl eye(s), orange eye(s), eye cere any other color than almost white.

FRILL: (10 points): Thick (dense), heavily ruffled, wide, long, prominent, with feathers turned in many directions. (A zipper frill is not the ideal). FAULTS: Too little frill, wispy frill, frill too short or crooked, frill that turns only to one side. A zipper frill is not the ideal, but it is preferable to a thin, wispy frill, or a frill that turns to one side only.

NECK: (5 points): The neck is medium sized, not thick. It broadens as it flows from the head to the shoulders. A medium gullet is necessary as it adds volume to the head and dignity to the bird. (Owl breeds all have a gullet.) FAULTS: An overly long neck. A too large, overly pronounced gullet in a relaxed bird. DISQUALIFYING FAULT: Absence of a gullet.

MANE: (5 points): A well developed mane should stand well out from the back of the head and flow smoothly from the tip of the peak to the shoulder in a convex, unbroken curve. The two sides of the mane should meet in a line down the back of the neck. The mane should appear symmetrical when viewed from the back.  FAULTS: A break in the mane. Undeveloped mane that makes the head appear short from front to back. Mane not a continuous convex curve when viewed from the side. Disorganized feathers that do not meet in a straight line at the back of the mane. No visible meeting line where the two sides of the mane meet. Mane not symmetrical when viewed from the back.

TAIL: (5 points): 12 feathers, slightly flared. Width 2.25 to 2.5 inches. Feathers aligned and touching each other, carried angled toward the ground. Tail should be long and touch or almost touch the ground.  FAULTS: Tail too narrow (too well closed). Tail too open (fan shaped). Tail V-shaped or with twisted feathers. Tail held in an elevated position. Tail too short.

FOOT: (5 points): Each toe individually covered with tiny smooth feathers, giving the appearance of a glove with toenails protruding beyond the end. There should be a ‘sweep’ of ankle feathering that curves across the top of the foot at the ankle. These feathers should not be sparse, but they should not have the appearance of a muff. The glove feathers and the sweep feathers combine to give the foot the appearance of a white star. FAULTS: Too much ankle feathering so that ‘sweep’ feathers appear to be a muff. Too little ankle feathering (sparse sweep feathers or no sweep feathers). Loose toe feathering, too much or too little toe feathering (exposed toes). SERIOUS FAULT: A true muff is a serious fault.

CONDITION: (5 points): Clean, white, smooth appearance, firm feel, solid chest muscles. SERIOUS FAULTS: Dirty, thin, poor feather quality, loose feathering, lice, holes in the feathers.



Notes for Judges:  Foot, Eye, and Condition are all to be judged during handling; all other qualities are to be observed in the show cage. Some eye faults can only be seen during handling; the foot should be closely evaluated for feather nubs indicating the toes are not bare; the body must be felt for physical condition and feathers must be inspected for lice, holes, and dirt. Stress can alter the stance, feather tightness, and overall appearance of the bird, so they must be observed in a calm state in the show cage before handling in order to form an accurate impression of the bird’s actual quality. The back may arch in a stressed bird; the head may become boxy in a stressed bird; the peak may lower and become twisted or tufted in a stressed bird; a mane break may appear in a stressed bird. If a bird is stressed the Judge should come back to it once it has settled.

Written by Anya Ellis and David Coster

The SCI at Des Moines 2016

By David Coster

The Des Moines fairgrounds was once again the location for the SCI’s national club meet in 2016. Anya Ellis flew in from Connecticut to judge her own creation and see how this Rare Breed is coming along in the hands of other interested Fanciers. Seraphim are shown in the Rare Breeds section as a rule, but for the past couple of years the SCI has been able to put together a sanctioned club meet in Des Moines. We hope to be able to continue with a sanctioned show most years in Des Moines with the Iowa State Pigeon Association’s annual “Pigeons on the Prairie” show.

There were twenty Seraphim at the show, eleven of which managed to make it to the ranking of “Highly Superior”.


Above are the top designated Seraphim in The Seraphim Club International’s third-ever national club show, celebrating the 90th anniversary of the Iowa State Pigeon Association’s “Pigeons on the Prairie” annual combined show, with Anya Ellis, Judge and developer of the Seraphim breed. The winners are adorned by their various trophies and ribbons, tired after a long day of being poked and prodded and talked about. The ISPA Show had about 4,400 entries this year with lots of designated club shows, so the SCI was part of a very big scene!

The Seraphim Club International has since been featured on the front cover of Purebred Pigeon Magazine to represent the Pigeons on the Prairie Show. There is an accompanying article on page 38 for those who are interested. You can order the January/February 2017 edition of Purebred Pigeon Magazine on line here: to read more about it!

SCI Show Judges

Seraphim are shown and judged with the Rare Breeds unless SCI members have organized a sanctioned meet through the SCI. 

It is assumed that all Judges serving The Rare Breeds Pigeon Club are competent and capable of properly evaluating Seraphim in the Show hall. Seraphim can, however, be a challenge to evaluate properly and some Judges may be relatively unfamiliar with the breed,  so all Judges must review the Seraphim Show Standard and keep a copy of it on hand when judging Seraphim.  

SCI members organizing a sanctioned SCI meet for points should aspire to acquire a Judge with special expertise and interest in Seraphim. The SCI will maintain a list of Judges on this website who have special expertise with the breed. The Judge will be expected to follow the rating system and assignment of awards and points as outlined in the SCI Constitution.

The current list of those considered by the SCI to have particular special expertise in Seraphim evaluation includes:

Scott Amo – Cement City, Michigan
Anya Ellis – Woodbury, Connecticut (Creator of Seraphim)
Ron White – Marathon, Iowa
David Coster – Grinnell,Iowa
Larry Jolly – California
Stanley Vercouteren – Oostburg, WI
David Orth – Kansas

(Updated 11-24-16)


The Development of the 2017 Seraphim Standard – A Brief History and Visual Comparison

The Show Standard for a Seraph. Substantial changes in not just color, but form.

The 2009 Show Standard for a Seraph. Note the skull shape, the depth of the swoop, the arc of the skull, the depth and line of the mane, the downturn of the beak, and the prominence of the gullet. Compare to the new standard below.


Anya Ellis’ depiction above of the ideal Seraph, 2017, is a notable accomplishment. The modern Seraph is different than the Seraph of the past in subtle but significant ways, with changes particularly evident in the head. Seraphim primarily compete in the Show Ring as birds of structure, both of body and feather. The new painting demonstrates the regal upright posture and the long, flowing line demanded of all Seraphim. It also demonstrates the more deeply feathered mane, the deeper swoop leading to the needlepoint peak, and the unusually long and full frill expected of the 2017 Seraph. The deeper swoop is the result of a combination of changes in feather and form: longer feathers in the mane and a rounder, larger skull with a higher skull arc in the top and back. The beak is definitely “down-faced”. The gullet has to be readily apparent.

Carefully compare the new Standard to the “old” 2009 Standard above it and pay particular attention to all components of the head and neck. To the trained eye the changes are obvious even though subtle. This look is the new goal for serious Seraphim breeders.

The 2017 Standard has been in development since the SCI Club Show of 2013, at which time a long range discussion was begun about the skull and the ideal of the “apple-headed” Seraph, a trait highly desired but difficult to create. Discussion also surrounded the concept of the “frilly” Seraph vs. the “physical” Seraph, i.e. what is the proper balance of feminine frilliness versus masculine physicality and power. The androgenous appearance of the Seraph is the result of the tension between the two selves – the masculinity of physical power, form, and stance and the femininity of long feather, frills, and softness. Ideally both sexes carry a perfect balance of masculinity and femininity. If the feminine frilliness and long feather is overpowering, the bird is beautiful but looks weak; if the powerful masculine form is overpowering and the feathering too short, the feminine effect of the frilliness is lost, along with the androgeny the breed is expected to demonstrate. In Seraphim, artistic balance is paramount. A perfect Seraph should be a delight to the eye and should elicit an emotional response from the viewer. The bird should give off an aura of delicate power.

This typey Seraph is a challenge to create, but it is a worthy effort, and certainly possible, as evidenced by the annual competition of the Seraphim Club International in Des Moines (Please see individual Show Reports under “News.”) where many specimens of the newest Standard can be seen.

David Coster, SCI Club Manager

2014 National SCI Meet, Des Moines

The second District 5 (Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota) SCI club meet was held on Saturday, December 13, 2014 at the State Fairgrounds in Des Moines, Iowa, under the auspices of the Iowa State Pigeon Association. This meet is also a National Meet for the SCI according to the SCI Constitution, and exhibitors from across the nation are encouraged to enter Seraphim at this show. Seraphim are designated members of The Rare Breeds Club due to their small numbers, and the SCI is an affiliate of The Rare Breeds Club. Des Moines is the only location where the SCI has a concomitant show adjacent to The Rare Breeds Club show. At all other locations across the country, Seraphim are enrolled in and compete in The Rare Breeds Club area.

Eighteen Seraphim were entered by four exhibitors, with Mary Ann McNeill of Iowa winning the Grand Champion trophy and David Orth of Kansas winning the Reserve Champion trophy. Mary Ann also won trophies for Best OH and OC, and David also won trophies for Best YH and YC.

David Orth (Kansas) and Mary Ann McNeill (Iowa) with their show-winning Seraphim and Anya Ellis. Grand Champion (middle; Mc Neill), Reserve Champion (right; Orth)

David Orth (Kansas) and Mary Ann McNeill (Iowa) with their show-winning Seraphim and Anya Ellis. Grand Champion (2nd Seraph from left; Mc Neill), Reserve Champion (far right; Orth)